Much is written about Cash Bundren, the carpenter in William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying. While most essays focus on Cash's nature and function within the novel, occasional articles also discuss the significance of Cash's tools. For example, Michael Hardin, in "Freud's Family: The Journey to Bury the Death Drive in Faulkner's As I Lay Dying," notes that "[t]ools are often associated with male sexuality and the phallus because they represent the artisan's (pro)creative capabilities;" therefore, the loss of Cash's tools in the river crossing represents his symbolic castration (98). In his essay "Faulkner's As I Lay Dying," Tim Poland posits that Cash's "entire identity is located in the fact that he is a carpenter," and that "[h]is sole means of expression is through his carpenter skills" (118; 119). Poland notes that when Cash loses his tools to the flooding river, he simultaneously loses consciousness and the ability to speak. Thus, Poland links the loss of Cash's tools to the "submersion of Cash's selfhood" (119). As Poland observes, it is not until the tools are found that Cash regains both consciousness and speech (119).
The three books under review are fine examples of these trends. The first, Independence, Accountability, and the Judiciary edited by Guy Canivet, Mads Andenas, and Duncan Fairgrieve, is a bilingual collection of essays which addresses various facets of judicial independence and accountability. Most essays focus on the French and British judiciaries, but the volume also includes chapters on Canada, Germany, South Africa, and Spain. The second book, Transitional Justice, Judicial Accountability and the Rule of Law by Hakeem Yusuf, deals with (the lack of) holding Nigerian judges to account during the era of Nigerian transition from military rule to democracy. Finally, Daniela Piana in Judicial Accountabilities in New Europe: From Rule of Law to Quality of Justice looks at judicial accountabilities in five post-communist countries in Central and Eastern Europe (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Romania) from the point of view of a political scientist.
Most essays focus on : 100% Original
An anthology of essays from practitioners of modern information warfare, Ideas as Weapons is an excellent introduction to the subject. From the grand strategic view, to tactical applications of information, the work encompasses a variety of topics. The work itself is a product of its era; most essays focus on US/Western operations in Iraq and Afghanistan in the mid- to late-2000s, with little focus outside of that experience.